Obama extended for one year anti-Russian sanctions
United States President Barack Obama signed a decree to extend for another year the sanctions against Russia. This is stated in a document published on Wednesday, March 2, at the White House Web site. According to the report, existing measures should remain in force after March 6, 2016, as Moscow’s actions “continue to represent the United States unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy.” Thus, the sanctions against Russia extended until March 6, 2017.
Decree 13600 of the “state of emergency” declaration to combat the threat to US national security was published on March 6, 2014 After 10 days, Obama has expanded the scope of its application. The reason for the introduction of restrictive measures, Russia’s policy has been called in the Ukraine. “March 16, 2014, I issued a decree 13661, which expands the scope of the state of emergency declared by decree 13660, considering that actions and policies of the Russian government with regard to Ukraine undermine democratic processes and institutions in Ukraine, threatened her peace, security, stability, sovereignty, and territorial integrity, as well as the focus on misappropriation of [Ukrainian] assets “, – said in a statement. In the future, March 20, 2014, Obama’s decree 13662 “state of emergency” was expanded again, now the leading cause called the inclusion of the Crimean peninsula to Russia, as well as the “use of force in Ukraine.” At the end of 2014, December 19, the United States, the President issued a decree 13685 on “additional measures against the Russian occupation of the Crimea – in the region of Ukraine”, – said in a press release from the White House.
“Measures and policies of these decrees continue to act against the unusual and extraordinary threat to national security and foreign policy of the United States. For this reason, the state of emergency declared by March 6, 2014, as well as measures adopted on that date, as well as on March 16, March 29, December 19, 2014 … must be preserved after March 6, 2016 “, – emphasized in the published document.
United States Restrictions have been imposed on the officials related to decision-making in Ukraine, and the business is believed in Washington, close to Russian President Vladimir Putin. Also, economic restrictions imposed on companies in Russia, the Crimea, the self-proclaimed Donetsk (DNI) and Luhansk People’s Republic (LNR), as well as the government officials of the former Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych.
Thus, the sanctions were the president of “Rosneft” Igor Sechin, businessmen Gennady Timchenko, Arkady and Boris Rotenberg, “to support every project of Vladimir Putin”, pointed out the US Treasury, the general director of “Rostec” Sergei Chemezov, the co-owner of the bank “Russia” Yuri Kovalchuk and former President of Russian Railways Vladimir Yakunin. The restrictive measures were introduced by the United States and the European Union in respect of companies operating in the energy, financial and defense sectors. The stop list were, in particular, VTB structure, Sberbank, VEB, “Rosneft”, “Gazprom Neft”, “Lukoil”, “Surgutneftegas”, “Transneft” and “Almaz-Antey”, “Uralvagonzavod” and the enterprise “Rostec”.
Washington has repeatedly pointed to the lifting of sanctions to the implementation of the Minsk agreements.
Also Wednesday, the US edition of The Wall Street Journal, citing its own diplomatic sources wrote that EU officials are discussing the possibility of extending anti-Russian sanctions imposed in 2014. Now the EU restrictive measures apply to the 149 Russian politicians and officials, including two deputy prime ministers Dmitry Rogozin and Dmitry Kozak, as well as presidential aide Vladislav Surkov. They also fall under the “pro-Moscow separatists” operating in Ukraine. At 16 defendants in the stop list frozen assets. In addition, under the sanctions of the European Union are 37 legal entities. The decision to extend the sanctions will be discussed in the next few months and should be adopted by July, the newspaper said.
Russian senior officials have repeatedly stated that the sanctions policy is ineffective in solving political issues. “The sanctions policy, from our point of view – it is absolutely inefficient, dead-end method, if it is not about the UN Security Council decisions. A unilateral sanctions that are introduced for political pressure – a vestige of what I would like to leave in the twentieth century “-. Said in late February in an interview with” AiF.Ru “official representative of the Russian Foreign Ministry Maria Zakharova. According to her, from the restrictive measures imposed by the EU and the United States, Washington won, while Brussels, by contrast, have lost. “From the European Union sanctions lost. Won the United States. They called to isolate Russia, but it is with them Russian trade increased “, – stated the Foreign Ministry spokesman.